In the process that people communicate with, what factors affect it and how are messages transformed? Also, will there be a difference in the way the message travels depending on the media?
In this task, we introduce various media i.e. word, image (still image), map, gesture, movie, etc. as an introduction to information design, and students learn how human cognitive mechanisms are involved in communication design through experiments. At the same time, students will also learn how to experiment, observe, record and analyze information.
Here, students will consider the composition of messages, the flow of communication, the characteristics of media, the mechanism of recognition, the mechanism of understanding and memory, etc. Reconsidering the relationship between communication and design from the perspective of communication processes and information exchange is the aim.
"Word" "image (still image)" "gesture" "map" "movie"
Make an material for the experiment (Take a movie of explaining the way to the destination while pointing to the map)
1: First, have subject B watch the explanation of the material VTR on the monitor and remember it (prohibited to take notes)
2: Subject B reproduce the map for explaining to others based on his memory and create a memo (A subject should always speak what he thought with his head while drawing, and be recorded the situation in VTR)
3: Subject B explains the figure with the intention of giving information to others using the map that he drew by himself, while viewing the explanatory note,
In 2020, due to the spread of COVID-2019 infection, all the first-semester classes were conducted online, students were not allowed to enter, and they could not even go to a friend's apartment to perform experiments.
Therefore, it was necessary to send each subject a smartphone stand and have them create their own experimental environment.
In the experiment, the subject receives instructions from the instructor in Zoom, watchs and memories the video of the experimental material, and reproduces the content in a memo while speaking. Other students observed and recorded the situation online through a computer and smartphone camera.
Subject during the experiment (smartphone can be seen in the upper left)
Subject's hand screen seen from the smartphone camera
Zoom's screen during experiment
Zoom's screen showing the subject's hand during the experiment
Taking up a piece of Fujiko Fujio's manga, "Obake no Q Taro", stydents conducted experiments to find out how information of a image is transmitted and how it is stored. (Sueyasu, Kikuno, Numata, Hamada, Okamoto, Takahashi
Students took up a program "Mouichido Japan" from NHK Educational TV as a material for the experiment, and think about how information would be transmitted through video media. (Fan, Shinozaki, Ishigami, Shimizu, Okano
Using an picture from Fujiko Fujio's manga "Obake no Q Taro" as a material for the examination, students surveyed how the information of a still image is transmitted and how it remains in memory. (Ishikawa, Kawahara, Kodama, Han, Moriwaki, Yoneyama,)
Using the Asahi Shimbun "Tensei Jingo" as a material, students analyzed how people interpret the speech information read out, organize it, and try to convey it to other people. (Ishikawa, Oishi, Kinan, Saito, Higashi)
Taking up a piece of Fujiko Fujio's manga, "Obake no Q Taro", stydents conducted experiments to find out how information of a image is transmitted and how it is stored. (Asai, Hachiya, Hosaka, Matsukawa)
After conducted experiments using a video in which an instructor points at a map to guide to the destination as a material, students surveyed how a map information transmit and remain in subject's mind. (Ichigaya, Sato, Isozaki, Matsushita, Yoneyama)
When we use the bank's ATMs to transfer money, buy or search tickets on the Internet, what is happening between the world beyond the monitor and us?
In this task, the interactive process between human and computer in the information design is actually tested via user operation, and students consider the analysed data, finaly they draft the improvement plans.
Students took up various problems which occur when using the share cycling service "HELLO CYCLING", verify its usability through actual experiments and compared with the Chinese system, and suggest improvement plans.
-Yahoo! Answers app-
Yahoo! JAPAN app “Yahoo! Answers” was taken up as a material, problems in terms of usability was considered, and improvements was proposed.
Problems of 360 °camera THETA and proposals for improvement
Taking up Ricoh's 360-degree camera “Ricoh THETA”, students reserched the process of shooting, transferring the deta to a computer, and processing with an app, through usability experiments, and came up with suggestions for improvement.
Taking up the smartphone application "Yahoo! MAP" and survey interface and usability issues through experimentation
- Usability of 2 channel app, JaneStyle -
Students took up the browsing application "JaneStyle" of the electronic bulletin board site 2 channel, and consider the problem of unfriendly design for new users and suggest improvement plans
Tom Publishing Reorganization
Regarding the website of a coterie print company, consider the problems of the price list that are hard to understand from both the graphical aspect and the structural aspect, and investigate improvement plans
Acquisition of new users by cancellation of implicit consent
Students took up an application "Mercali", which supports individual sellers and individual buyers, and support the buying and selling of products, and propose improvement measures to make it easy for new users to enter, by tracing the confusing reasons
First students read D. A. Norman's book, "The Design of Everyday Things-Revised and Expanded Edition".
After that, they think about the contents of the book and look over again design of things around. Then they pick up ones that are inconvenient from the tools, devices, interfaces, signs, spaces, situations, etc. that are used unintentionally in everyday life, and create paper on the problems with the design and submit as HTML file.
The purpose of this task is mainly the following three points.
You can judge the possibility of actions and the state of the equipment
Information about the outcome of the action and its current state. Reaction to the action.
Conceptual diagram of system structure and usage. It is desirable for the user's mental model to match the designer's design model
Possibility of act
Perceived availability of things. Perceived affordance.
Relating two or more things Intuitively using position or color.
There is a possibility of action, physical constraints, logical restriction, semantic constraints, cultural constraints, and it leads the action
The door which lacks signifier in building 8 of the university (It's difficult to know whether it should be pushed or pulled, so someone sticked a note on the doorknob.)
Photos in April 2015
A door ignoring the cultural constraints in building 8 of the university (The red door on the red wall is for men, the gray door is for women. It seems that some men rushed into the women's toilet) Photos in April 2015
"The Design of Everyday Things-Design Principles of Cognitive Scientists- Revised and Expanded Edition" Cover Image
When you usually have to throw away trash, finding a place to throw it is not easy.
Here are some of the most inconvenient trash cans I've found while looking for them to throw away trash.
I've never seen a door like this!
Here's a look at a very unique doorknob signifier in a store.
I pick up the problems of screen doors at my home and present the causes and suggestions for improvement.
This screen door is a very modern and well-developed product, but .......
After the opening of both the Shonan Shinjuku Line and Ueno Tokyo Line, Japan's largest congestion on the Yamate/Keihin Tohoku Line has been greatly improved, and it has been highly evaluated that it become convenient to travel between the north of Tokyo and the city center.
On the other hand, some complaints and worries seem to be occurring at the same time.
Why is the keyboard layout so difficult to remember and need training? Perhaps it is because of bad keyboard design. I considered the reason from two viewpoints.
When you use a faucet, haven't you ever wondered in which direction the lever should be moved up or down or left or right? A lever of a faucet is a little bit hard to judge proper direction. Why do we choose the wrong direction?
The stylish iMac, with its integrated body and monitor, is awkward to handle due to its USB plug on the back. The keyboard has a plug in one place, but if you plug it in more than one you have no choice but to use the plug on the back.
I considered confusion of "lighting sign" and "lighting out sign" in "firefly switch" used for lighting equipment and suggested solution
I took up an easy-to-missunderstand toilet sign at a certain university, and considered why people make a mistake and where is problems in the design.
I analyzed problems found in a process up to e-mail creation that was most troubled by my grandmother who changed her cell-phone to "a smartphone for the elderly", and suggested improvement plan
From the viewpoint of affordance and signifier, I considered the problem that the design model of the sliding switch of the dryer is difficult to understand for users
In the operation of the controller, the practice mode lacking feedback on what went wrong can not be compared with the case where it went well. It is a major obstacle to learning the behavior level
I take up the problem of the sign system at Kokubunji Station north exit bus stop and propose the cause of the incomprehensible and its improvement measures.
This report take up the problem which occurs when the timer of the home-use cold wind fan is set. Certainly, it seems to be awkward to use, such as mismatch between the number of presses and indicator lamps, and intolerance to usser's errors.
iThis report take up problems about file management when it is downloaded via iPod and iTunes. The design that takes into consideration the difference in storage capacity between the computer and iPod seems to be the cause of the trouble.